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Lychee (Litchi chinensis)

Lychees - Exotic Tropical Fruit at Cape Tribulation

Lychees have rosy red skin and white, semi-translucent flesh which is tangy and juicy. Comes from China.

Soil
Characteristics
Wide range of soil types provided drainage is good
Climate Requirements Warm areas, with cool dry autumns. Different varieties are available for most parts of the tropics and subtropics.

Culture

Young trees need protection from frost and wind. Only prune by picking entire bunches. Only feed at flowering and after harvest.
Harvesting Fruit do not improve in flavour after harvest, so should only be picked when fully coloured. Ladders and stick pickers are needed to harvest the high fruit.
Length of time
until first crop
Four years. Grafting is recommended
Marketing Notes Cool storage is acceptable for up to 4 weeks.

 

Food Preparation

Generally eaten fresh but can be dried, frozen or canned with little loss of flavour.

Index of Lychee Recipes from Lychees Online

Further information

Purdue University - Centre for New Crops and Plants - Lychee
This site is a chapter from a book written by Julia Morton. Gives a detailed description of the different varieties, climate, soil, season, pests and diseases and food uses. You can purchase this classic book Fruits of Warm Climates online from Amazon.

University of Florida - Info Sheet:Lychee
This site gives very detailed information including a description of the plant, cliimate and soil, cultivars, propogation, planting, pollinating, fertilizing, pruning, production and harvest, ripening and storage, uses and pests.

Californian Rare Fruit Growers: Fruit Facts - Lychee
This page describes the plant in detail and how to grow it, as well as providing a list of the different varieties available.

Florida Growers Like Lychees and Longans
Published in the January 1998 issue of Agricultural Research magazine, US Department of Agriculture., A description of the research that ensured the status of these fruits as viable commercial crops by proving that neither the longan nor the lychee hosts the dreaded Caribbean fruit fly.

eGroup - Lychees
You can join a discussion group and ask any questions you have about lychees. There is also a good links page here which will take you to more lychee pages.

Lychees Online
Recipes, photos, articles. marketing and promotion of lychee products by lychee growers in the USA.

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Last updated November 6, 2014