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Jakfruit - Exotic Tropical Fruit - Cape Tribulation
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ABIU
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LYCHEE
MALAY ROSEAPPLE
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MARANG
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SAPODILLA
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STAR APPLE
SWEETSOP
WAX JAMBU
WHITE SAPOTE
YELLOW MANGOSTEEN

 

 

 

 

Papaya (Carica papaya )

Papaya - Exotic Tropical Fruit - Cape Tribulation

 

Fruit has yellow- orange flesh which is firm in texture and sweet tasting. Can be used to tenderise meat and cure indigestion. Originated in Southern Mexico, but has now been spread throughout the tropics.

Soil
Characteristics

Well drained soils with high fertility, high rainfall distributed through the growing time.

Climate Requirements

Different varieties are available for sub tropics to wet tropics.

Culture

Leaves are borne spirally up the trunk, with flowers occurring in the leaf axils. Warm temperatures will allow flower development all year, while cool winters prevent flower formation. Over fed trees tend to produce soft fruit, so reduce fertiliser if fruit start to appear too soft. Generally apply 250 gm of 10N:2P:16K every two months from early spring to the end of summer.

Harvesting

Harvest with the first change in colour. Fruit should be cut from plant to reduce damage.

Length of time
until first crop

Generally papaya will bear in 12 months, but the trees should be replaced on a 3 year cycle.

Marketing Notes

If the fruit is picked while still mainly green, then they can be transported easily to market. We have found that people generally prefer the Solo variety above others.

 

Food Preparation

Generally eaten fresh but the fruit can be made into jam, pickles, and chutney using ripe or mature fruit. Green papaya can be used as a vegetable, cooked similarly to zucchini or marrow.

Papaya can be processed as a frozen or canned product while it can also be used dried or glace in confectionary. Papain is sometimes harvested by scratching the green fruit and collecting the white milky exudate. This is used as a meat tenderiser.

Green Papaya and Chicken Salad

Further information

Daleys Nursery
The Papaya Video from Youtube describes how to grow a papaya successfully

Californian Rare Fruit Growers: Fruit Facts - Papaya
This page describes the plant in detail and how to grow it, as well as providing a detailed list of the different varieties available.

University of Florida - Info Sheet: Papaya
This site gives very detailed information including a description of the plant, cliimate and soil, cultivars, propogation, planting, pollinating, fertilizing, pruning, production and harvest, ripening and storage, uses and pests.

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info@capetrib.com.au.

Last updated November 6, 2014